The Bonn Center for Dependency and Slavery Studies (Germany) has established three Junior Research Groups in with two Ph.D. students in each:

  • Dependency, Gender and Labour in the Household
  • Punishment, Labour and Dependency
  • Beyond Slavery: Dependency in Asian History

The funding amounts to about $35,300 USD (30,000 EUR) and lasts from January 1, 2019 – December 31, 2022. Application deadline is July 20. For details, see